The Anointed King in Psalms • The Anointed Ep. 5

[Music] We're tracing the theme of the anointed One a person who gets oil smeared on Them to mark them as a bridge between Heaven and Earth and this isn't just for The benefit of the anointed one the Whole point is that they Bridge heaven On Earth on behalf of many when God Chooses one on behalf of the many it's Always so that through them he can do Something for the many Now by mere page Number King David's story is the most Thorough portrait of an anointed one in The last episode we looked at narratives About David's life and we looked at Prophecies about how a future anointed One will come from his descendants and What we found is that in David's story There are two aspects of what it means To be the anointed one is Victorious Confronting Goliath driving out evil From the land and driving out the Oppressor right it's kind of a you know But second portrait of God's anointed One and then right alongside that are Stories of this patient humble waiting Upon God anointed one who refuses to Take Vengeance into their own hands and He's going to wait for God to deliver And exalt him over his adversaries And somehow both of those portraits are Alongside each other in David's story Today we turn to the Psalms and we read About David's personal Reflections on

Being the anointed one and we'll Continue to see these two aspects there As well we're gonna see that same back And forth between the Victorious smash Your enemy messiah in the psalm scroll And also the crying out on my knees Suffering persecuted I think I'm gonna Die portrait of the anointed one David's Emotional experiences depicted in the Psalms give us a glimpse into how Jesus Interpreted his own experience as God's Final anointed one that to be the Anointed means finding Victory through Suffering Jesus expected the worst For himself and his followers but also Expected the best and Resurrection hope And all of that that's going on in his Teachings and stories about him is in Deep continuity with these themes about The anointed one from the Hebrew Bible Today Tim Mackey and I talk about the Story of David in the scroll of the Psalms I'm John Collins and you're Listening to Bible project podcast Thanks for joining us Here we go Hey hey John hi hello we're in the Book Of Psalms today the scroll of Psalms as We say yep yep here in the Bible project Land and we're in the theme of the Anointed yep and so we've been tracing This theme of A well I mean it started With us talking about just the ritual of Anointing smearing oil yeah on someone

Yeah in the Jewish Christian tradition Smearing or pouring oil on a person's Head is a deeply meaningful ancient Symbol with a whole story Loaded into it it's a symbol of liquid Life God's Heavenly life taking the form Of liquid because liquid especially oils Fragrant oils are like dense it only Takes a little bit to do a lot a lot of Nutrition in there why are you laughing A memory just came in so this was from In the season when I was pastoral Ministry I remember one Sunday Gathering We did and we um Were Talking about the theme of forgiveness And confession and so we had little like Tables at the back of the Gathering Room Where if somebody wanted to come back And pray To confess something as kind of a first Step of that they need to go confess and Ask someone else for forgiveness so Let's just practice right now in the Gathering okay let's just like you can Say as much or as little as you want Yeah but just to get up move your body And say I have something I need to Confess and we have people who would Love to pray with you and anoint you With oil hmm you had some oil back there Yeah the little the little finger dab The first person I dabbed I made a Little sign of the cross on their

Foreheads anybody I prayed with it was Really cool it was beautiful but the First person that came up I was still Kind of learning how much oil and so Like I've got way too much yeah and as I Did the sign of the cross in oil on Their forehead it was so much it just Started dripping down into their eyes And then it was supposed to be this Meaningful moment but they had oil in Their eyes that I accidentally So that's the image that came into my Mind when you said it doesn't take much You don't need a lot you don't need a Lot but there's the psalm of like the The oil just dripping down their face You know yeah that's a big one oh we got To read that how wonderful it is the Yeah oil just yeah your beard drenched In oil oil is a Eden simple in the Bible Of just potent packed condensed liquid Form of life because Eden was a garden And it's plants all had oils and liquids And it smelled perfumey and so on and so That oil becomes a symbol of both the Liquid that God poured out in the dry Land to create the Garden of Eden and Yahweh's spirit that he poured out into The dirt so that it could become a human So the anointing oil becomes a symbol of God's Heavenly liquid life poured out on The land or on humans to fill them with This heavenly life so in some sense all Of humanity is Anointed with gods yeah

Breath his spirits we have the life of God we have the Breath of God in our Nostrils and but then this ritual of Taking oil and anointing someone was Applied to the priests because in Particular the priests were this class Of people who were specifically set Apart within Israel in Israel to Represent God to Israel who could meet With God in God's holy place and then Administer God's peace and whatever his Blessing his life his Blessing to the People so to be that person to bridge God and human Heaven and Earth the Divine and whatever we got going on here Is to be an anointed one yeah one Smeared with oil yep and so that Happened to the priests but then Mostly as this theme has developed in Revival it in particular was attributed To one man named David yeah and David Arises in Israel's story because the People of Israel want a king to lead Them and represent them among the Nations so what the priest Was among Israel an anointed one within Israel now the king is an anointed one Among the Nations representing Israel Before the Nations so David Gets Anointed by Samuel in private he's a Young boy he's the youngest of how many Kids he has seven brothers seven Brothers yeah and uh of course he does And no one knows he's the anointed one

Except for this little private crew and Then in the meantime he slaying Goliath He's like he starts to get some Notoriety Saul who is the king Is threatened by him and then he's on The run for his life David is David is Yeah from Saul who wants to kill him That's right so here's the anointed one Who is being persecuted yeah and he's Out in the wilderness On The Run waiting Patiently to become publicly known yes As the anointed one and publicly Enthroned as king yeah so we get these Two aspects of the portrait of the Anointed one one is Victorious We're confronting Goliath driving out Evil from the land and driving out the Oppressor right it's kind of a you know Butt kicking portrait of God's anointed One yeah kicking out snake it's Jesus on The White Horse And then right alongside that are Stories of this patient Humble Waiting upon God anointed one Who refuses to take Vengeance into their Own hands at least among Israel against Their Israelite brothers and he's going To wait for God to deliver and exalt him Over his adversaries yeah and somehow Both of those portraits right are Alongside each other in David's story Because after David is exalted to become King he once again leads Israel in

Victory over the enemy Nations that are Around them so he doesn't butt kick in He gets back to somebody kicking yeah so It's kind of there's two sides to the Anointed one one is Victory and the Other one is more of the suffering Servant and somehow the Victory and the Suffering Become really closely connected together In David's story so this dual portrait Then is continued to be developed in the Isaiah scroll yep that's what we looked At which was yeah you've got this King This anointed one I should say it was Going to come from the line of David in Fact he's like a new David he's a new Branch from the stump of Jesse which is David's dad and this King will like fill The land with the knowledge of God and All the nations will come and there's Going to be this new type of Peace That's even just hard to wrap your minds Around because it's just like so Different than the way we think the World works and we know that the world Works yeah so there's this Victory Ramped up and then the other portrait of The patient suffering is also ramped up Yeah and that this King like people Actually Kind of avoid them and don't like them Yeah and and he's very Meek and you just Wouldn't notice him and then he's gonna Suffer yeah what you find out in Isaiah

Is that he's appointed To both become the faithful Covenant Faithful Israel on Israel's behalf but Also suffer for Israel's failures on Their behalf and that is the strange Calling of the anointed servant yeah in The scroll of Isaiah you've got Victory You got suffering and then it starts to Feel like you have Victory through Suffering so no that's exactly right yes That's exactly right so and if all of This is sounding strangely like the Story of Jesus it's just important to Remind ourselves that this is all Pre-christian pre-jesus Hebrew Bible so This is one of those areas where as Followers of Jesus yes we do read the Hebrew Bible in light of Jesus but we Also read Jesus in light of the Hebrew Bible And the sense that Jesus makes of why he Talks the way he does and why he related Everything that he was doing to these Writings in this story that's the Dynamic back and forth that we're Looking at here so what we're going to Do is we're going to see that same like Back and forth between the Victorious Smash your enemy Messiah picture in the Psalm scroll And also the crying out on my knees Suffering persecuted I didn't think I'm Gonna die Portrait of the anointed one and the way

The thumb scroll works it's interesting Because it's a collection of 150 poems That's been very intentionally designed As a collection as a collection and Little sub collections within Subcollections and at the smallest level Each individual poem is its own literary Work But then groups of Psalms have been knit Together through repeated words and Little hyperlinks forming little bundles And when you begin to read psalms within Their bundles in light of what came Before and what came after you start to See little cyclical storylines and they All revolve around these same themes That work in the story of David and in The SAS scroll so we can't talk about The whole Psalm Scroll of course right Now so really I just thought we would Just read a handful of Psalms and notice This kind of back and forth and pay Attention to that juxtaposition of Victory and suffering okay so a great Place to do that is to start off with The first Psalm that mentions the Messiah or anointed one and lo and Behold it's Psalm 2. and then also look At the psalm right after it which is Psalm 3 and you see some interesting Things going on so shall we [Music] Thank you [Music]

Foreign [Music] Okay John Why did the Nations Roar And why do the peoples meditate on empty Matters Hmm That's the opening question of Psalm 2. This is a rhetorical question do you Want me to You know usually I pass you a ball and Sometimes you pick it up you know I mean We we just got done with the whole Firstborn series and the reason there That we meditated on was we don't Believe in the generosity of God we Don't believe in the abundance and Goodness of God yeah that's why we roar Laughs The nation's Roar yeah yeah okay let's Let the poem the poem will begin to Nuance the answer that then that may in Fact be a part of it The kings of the land take their stand And the rulers take counsel together Against Yahweh and against his mashiach His anointed one saying let us tear Apart their bonds Let us cast off their cords from us So they feel Yeah what's going on here They tear apart their bonds yeah there's A bat there's a backstory here so in the

Framework of the Hebrew Bible you've now Read the Torah and you've read the Prophets former and latter okay and the Psalms scroll starts the third Collection is yeah the the head Scroll Of this third and final section of the Tanakh called the writings So what you know is the the anointed one Connected to royalty or rule over the Nations is connected to that future Hoped for descendant of the line of David but this anointed one all the Nations will come and they will be like Yes the knowledge of God and there's Going to be peace you're thinking about Isaiah chapter 11 yeah 11. there's other Parts of Isaiah where the nation's Stream in and there's peace that's right Here it's like they're like nope we Don't want this I don't want to live Under the rule of Yahweh yeah his Anointed one yeah well I think you want To put us in your service right no way Snapping off these Bonds in what sense Is anyone feeling bonded by Yahweh yeah These kings are they're like we don't Want to serve Yahweh but but who am I Supposed to be imagining but the image Of the kings of the land oh when is ever The kings of the land been like Dominated by the Yahweh okay yeah yeah So we're remembering back so one is the Stories about David there was the period Of this High Point second Samuel

Chapters 5 through 10. when David Establishes Jerusalem as the capital And he begins all these hostile Nations And they're all sibling Rivals Edom in The ammonites and the moabites and the Philistines on the coast and the Arameans up north it's all these hostile Sibling Nations that have been just Crushing Israel for centuries and David's the first one who turns the Tables reverses them so you've got those Stories on the brain okay and then the Prophets took that memory of the David Of the past and projected that hope Forward Into the day when Yahweh would Elevate The new David over all of the names this Is kind of a new future moment that the Isaiah scroll hadn't really maybe at Least in any of the passages we read Considered we just got the moment where The anointed one comes and everyone's Like yes awesome yeah here there's like Kind of this moment before everyone's Like what what are you gonna do yeah Totally this feels like a bond there are A handful of those moments in Isaiah but It's not the most prominent okay but Here in the Psalms scroll but also I Mean you know Psalms comes after Jeremiah and Ezekiel and the 12. okay There's a lot more there's a lot more of That that okay so this is Portrait where The anointed one is gonna bring peace

But there's gonna be a time where the Day of the Lord his rule yeah is going To create some conflict yeah the day of The Lord yeah not everybody will want to Participate in the new thing that Yahweh Does through his anointed one okay Especially those who have the most to Lose hmm the current Kings of the land Are invested in the status quo and how The world works And when Yahweh comes to challenge them Through his anointed one they're like Nope not down for them So that's the opening of the poem you're Right so there's a whole backstory there The Yahweh wants to restore His Reign and rule over the land through His chosen one word and the Nations Don't okay take kindly today okay so That's the Nations and they rebel Against Yahweh and then you get a quote Of their rebellious speech The next three lines of the poem over The next three parts go in the same Order but have yahweh's response So he's going to have a response Then he's going to rebel against the Rebels and then he's going to give a Counter speech to their speech oh okay So verse 4 the one sitting in the skies He laughs he finds this amusing Yahweh Mocks them yeah wow okay yeah so he's Kind of responding in kind it's a Measure for measure response all right

You're gonna play hardball Then let's play hardball Kings of the Earth he will speak to them in his anger And in his hot anger he will terrify Them saying as for me I have anointed my king upon Zion my Holy Mountain The word for anoint here Is the verb to pour out The poor Outlet poured out my king yeah It's not the normal word for mashiach Word that's the letter to the word pour Out liquid which seems to be an implied Metaphor of pouring out upon my king but It is a little rabbit hole about that Word so the nation's roaring contrasts Yahweh laughing The kings of the earth taking their Stand contrasts Yahweh terrifying them In his anger And then their speech saying let's talk About let's Rebel Is matched by Yahweh saying Here's my response meet my king my Anointed king and uh he'll have a thing Or two to say or do to you So that's the opening of Psalm 2. okay The middle of the poem Then moves to the first person speech of This anointed king he starts talking to You and I the reader we're like oh this Is great finally we get to hear from That guy hmm So he starts speaking and he says uh you

Know dear reader let me tell you Something Yahweh made a decree for me Let me tell you about it this is what Yahweh said to me you are my son Today I have birthed yeah it's the verb To give birth ask of me and I will give The Nations as your inheritance And the ends of the land as your Possession You will break them so this is this is The annoyed one talking talking to you The reader okay telling us what Yahweh Told him so he's relaying a conversation So Yahweh said to me you are my son Today I've begotten you My son ask of me and I'll give you the Nations as your inheritance the ends of The land is your possession You will break them that is the Kings With a rod of iron and like a Potter's Vessel you will shatter them yeah that's Violent yeah So there's a father-son relationship Between the king and Yahweh And we talked about this yep last time I Guess I still don't fully appreciate it Because in some sense Humanity in General are the image of God yep so we Are all the children of God yes so in What more significant sense can anyone Be a Son of God than that well I think This is the new Adam or the election Theme okay where God chooses one out of The many and makes them a special

Representative so this is what Yahweh Does with all of Israel As the kingdom of priests And then This is what Yahweh does with the family Of priests among Israel and now this is What Yahweh does with one royal son Among all the nations so we have one Metaphor that's used In kind of levels of intensity in a way Of like so all of humanity is the image Of God so we're all the children of God Yeah But then God electing Israel and calling Them my son are they my yeah my son this Is my son in Exodus chapter four God Calls Israel my son yep so that doesn't Mean that the previous metaphor doesn't Stand that all humanity is God's Children yeah but then we're using the Metaphor in a new way to talk about like A more intensity of God yeah identifying With yeah or yeah because this is how Election works in the Bible when God Chooses one on behalf of the many it's Always so that through them he can do Something for the many So God's unique and special son who Today I birth This is a metaphor yeah for today your Identity is as it were recreated and you Are designated as my son that is my Chosen one who I will uniquely use to Bring about my purposes for the many

Others for them I guess the metaphor Works in my mind if you think about okay We're all God's children but then we've All said like we've gone to the court And said like actually I don't want to Be a child of God oh and now we're off I See and then God's like well okay how About you guys yeah you guys be my kids Because I want to like get everyone back Yeah it's interesting you could think of It kind of like uh take an hourglass and Then turn it on its side and so the Story of the Bible begins with all of Humanity as the image and children of God And then that goes the way that it goes Not so well so God Narrows down and Chooses one family the family of Abraham Out from the menu so the family of Israel and then God narrows it down even More to choose one sub-family David and now one figure the seed from The line of David one person But at every step at the center of the Hour now you're at the center of The Hourglass that just tipped on its side But now what we're getting is that Through that one Yahweh's rule will be extended back out To all of the Nations So through the one God incorporates the many to become a Part of His inheritance and possession again so

God's method of repossessing all of the Nations is precisely by his narrowing And that's the Paradox of election okay So I guess I don't know this is how the Concept works in the South biblical Authors see how this works right okay That's helpful and then in this moment Of okay we're at the center we've got The king we're going to go back out to The Nations yeah we can fast forward all The way to the end and find this picture Of peace amongst the Nations yeah so in This poem Psalm 2 at the very beginning We get a portrait of people going oh You're gonna be bringing the peace to All the nations like we don't think so Yeah we're not we're the Kings we're the Rulers we're not down confrontation yeah Yeah totally because this is exactly how The Nations around Israel respond when David becomes king okay and this is how You know Nebuchadnezzar King of Assyria this is you know this is How the kings of the earth respond that God's Gonna Elevate the king from this Puny little State on the eastern coast Of the Mediterranean to rule the world Get over yourselves Israelites right That's kind of the idea But in reality it's through this one That God's rule will spread all the Nations [Music] [Applause]

[Music] Thank you [Music] Foreign [Music] That's the king Now the poet comes back and addresses The kings of the land again the whole Poem is a three-part symmetry it begins With the kings in the middle is the sun And it ends with the Kings again so the Poet says now Kings Show some discernment You are warned of judges of the land Serve Yahweh with fear And rejoice With trembling So Is kind of like in the prophets the day Of the Lord the day of Yahweh is the bad News or goodness it's like well because It depends depends on if you're being Rescued or if your kingdom is being Dismantled on the day of Yahweh and it All depends on how you relate to Yahweh And we're specifically talking about the People who have built kingdoms that are Going to be dismantled yeah so their Response needs to be the threat a sense Of humility yeah and I love the two Images Rejoice with trembling there's Like there's a fear yeah because this is A when the cosmos is decreated or at Least the little world that we've built

Is decreated it's terrifying hmm But Also it could be the best news in the World that the kings of the earth don't Run the show anymore that could be cause For great rejoicing even if you're a King well me not the king well maybe but Maybe maybe it's like man I'm tired of Running this Kingdom I don't know yeah So the last lines of the poem Kiss the sun lest he become angry And you perish in the way For his anger Burns in an instant Oh the good life of all who take refuge In him Okay so I mean this portrait is it's Kind of a take charge No Nonsense yeah It's kind of like yeah shatter the Nations with a rod of iron if you don't Serve the sun yeah yeah it's really Intense this guy is business yeah yep Okay so it's very clear where that Portrait Victory portrait that's a Victory portrait okay Psalm 3 a Psalm of David You know when he had to flee from Absalom his son ah Yeah so this David is an old man David As an old man his Kingdom's starting to Slip away yeah yeah and so he fled from Saul Into the Wilderness then God Vindicated him he had a period of Success And then he had a major failure he Murdered one of his soldiers took that

Soldier's wife Got her pregnant and that led to the Chain of events that led for another Uprising But this time it's one of his own sons And David has to flee Into the Wilderness again and it's all parallel To fleeing from Saul but now he's Fleeing from his own son And so these two Wilderness wanderings Of David One from imposed by Saul the other Imposed by Absalom are kind of bookends Around the period of success in the Middle So when we read about The King David from Psalm 2 you're like Yeah King David like second height of His yeah his King yeah dumb yep that's Second Samuel chapters five through ten Yeah and then next poem uh yeah David But also like he had to run for his life More than once yeah one time from his Own son there's the pawn Oh Yahweh my adversaries oh how they've Increased many are rising up and saying Against me many are saying about my my Being my nephesh There is no rescue for him In Elohim God's done with David God's written him Off Yeah we That's a stark contrast

To the like last poem which is don't Mess like in an instant yeah you're Gonna be crushed yeah and here it's like The anointed one saying actually this is Kind of intense yeah like I don't think I'm gonna buyers a lot of them yeah and They're out to get me and they're They're propaganda is he's not he always Anointed one you're always not gonna say It yeah he's not committed to save David But you Yahweh are a shield About me You are oh this is so good you are my Kavod it's the Hebrew word kavod I think most of our English translations This is verse 3 of The Psalm psalm 3. Say you are my glory Which I guess kind of makes sense in English does that make sense to you and You are my glory No but I'm just very familiar with that Phrase oh yeah but yeah I think like Overly familiar I don't I don't know if What it means I could have Glory or you Could say I have Glory And it's you It's not very clear in English no so the Word kavode means honor okay it's just The weightiness word yes it means Literally heavy or weightiness okay So is the honor shame with an honor Shame society's heaviness or honor glory Is referring to the rank that you have In society and how people perceive you

Matter yep you matter yeah So right now All of the public Signs that David is a glorious King Everyone's saying like you don't matter It's gone all the enemies are after him Yeah he just fled from his City yeah He's in the wilderness his son is on This Throne sending out soldiers to hunt His dad David has no glory right now But not in his point of view in his mind He does still have Glory But it's not himself or his throne his City His Royal Court You Yahweh you are my glory It's such a rad that's actually really Rad are what makes me matter yeah All of my circumstances Obviously it isn't how awesome of a king I am because look at where I'm at yeah Exactly yeah Powerful stuff yeah so you're a shield About me you are the thing that defines My worth and my status not my crown and My Throne you You were the one who lifts up my head The idea of looking down in shame versus Standing upright I was crying to Yahweh with my voice and He answered me from his holy mountain Hmm So David has a mountain that he declared

Holy for the Tabernacle the city of David yeah and now that's set on analogy To God's high and holy mountain which Would be like God's Heavenly Temple So verse 5 I laid down And I slept I woke up Yahweh sustains me I will not be afraid of ten thousand People who set themselves against me all About Arise Yahweh Rescue me oh my God you strike all my Enemies on the cheek you shatter The teeth of the wicked Rescue belongs to Yahweh May your blessing be on your people So it's a wonderful little three-part Poem where he has this Cry for deliverance and people are Saying there is no rescue for this guy But then there's this statement of Confidence You Are my protector you are the one who Defines whether I have status or not and I know that when I cry you hear me And so I can lay down and sleep and I Can rest yeah even though there's like All these soldiers out hunting for me in The wilderness I'll just go get a good Night's sleep Impressive yeah but then it ends with a Petition Save me you are the one who strike my Enemies on the cheek

And you shatter the teeth of the wicked Now what's interesting is that in Psalm 2 God said that the anointed one will Shatter the kings of the Earth And now here's that King Saying it's Yahweh who will bring about The shattering of the enemies and rescue Belongs to Yahweh does Psalm 2 have a What's the thing called at the beginning Of the poem it does not have a little Superscription superscription heading Nope nope so I think what's interesting What's happens to me when I read these Back to back is I think oh Psalm 2 well That's about this future anointed king The capital A anointed king you know of The prophet's imagination yeah yeah Psalm 3 that's just David wallowing in That moment yes things are going poor For him and it seems like what you're Presenting is you're saying both of These come from these moments in King David Psalm 2 at the height of his Kingdom and Psalm 3 of when he's on the Run but then also both of these are Taking those portraits and pushing them Forward to a future anointed one and I Could see that clearly in some 2 but in Psalm 3 I just kind of want to force it Back into like this is just David's Experience that's just biographical yeah Yeah but you're saying this Psalm 3 just As much is also this hope towards an Anointed one that will also be in this

Kind of experience that David's in yeah In other words this little hyperlink Superscription I saw him if David when He fled from Absalom that's a little Editorial note from the compilers of the Tanakh to go back and Meditate on those moments David's two Wilderness exiles and that Whole story has been shaped from a Perspective from centuries later about People reflecting the authors of these Stories reflecting on the meaning what Is what is the story of David reveal Because they already know that David Wasn't the Messiah And they know that God promised the sea Would come from the line of David and That that future David's story would Model or replay the themes and the Patterns of the first David story And so sometimes that's replaying the Victory parts that's like a song too Other times like Isaiah explored this Future David will replay The suffering part of David's story so It's more that the David story in Samuel Is a narrative form Of projecting into the future what the Future David story will be like and the Psalms are doing the same thing hmm So that's essentially where where I Think this is going and As you go on into the thumb scroll I Think that becomes more clear we'll look

At a couple examples next but this is Definitely how everybody we have any Evidence for Jewish readers of the Hebrew Bible in the second temple period All read The story of David and the Psalms this Way this future pointing so the Messiah Will both be a Victor and someone who's Rescued When others are victorious over him and Somehow those two hold together and you Said it good earlier that you have the Victory portrait and the suffering Portrait And they get so juggled back and forth That in your mind you start to merge Them together So that the victory somehow comes Through the suffering and that's that's What Psalms 20 through 22 are about Should we take a quick dip here let's do It okay Foreign [Music] [Applause] [Music] Okay we can't read all three of these Psalms but I'm just gonna point out a Couple things in 20 and 21. so psalm 20. For the choir director a Psalm of David Rabbit hole May Yahweh answer you in the day of Trouble May the name of the god of Jacob set you

Securely on high May he send you help from the sanctuary And support you from Zion may he Remember all of your offerings and find Your burnt offerings acceptable So there's like a There's some we or us who's talking to You in this poem Okay So the poet is talking to somebody Saying hey I know that you're um in Trouble and that you're calling out to God and I'm going to pray for you that God will answer your call From Zion May he grant you your heart's desire and Fulfill all of your plans And we will sing for joy Over your victory In the name of our God we'll set up our Banners May Yahweh fulfill all of your Requests So there's a little story going on here Of this is like the cheering section Yeah there's somebody out there Suffering Appealing to God and when you have Victory We will praise God Verse 6 now I know that Yahweh rescues His anointed one he will answer him from His holy heaven With the rescuing strength of his right Hand

You know some people Boast and chariots Some people Boast in horses you know what we boast In the name of Yahweh our God People might fall down get down on their Knees stumble but we rise up we stand Upright Rescue Yahweh May the king answer us in The day we call Hmm so the king Yahweh is committed to Delivering his anointed one That's very clear in this poem But that rescue and victory which will Bring praise for those who watch it and See it happen is going to be tested it's Going to be preceded by a time of Hardship defeat Of waiting for God to fulfill his Promises and it seems like it might not Happen but just hang on and keep crying Out to Yahweh that's the image here Yeah and it's it's some group Comforting the anointed one yeah some Like he's got like a cheering Squad Cheering section I went to like two high school football Games so I think cheering yeah I mean Cheering's like Yeah rah-rah like let's go this is like Your support Circle yeah this is kind of Like a therapy session This is like yeah yeah yeah I mean you Almost imagined praying this over

Someone who's like come to you and They're like man life is just gonna be Down struggling like I like I've got This going on I got that going on like This is kicking my butt and you're like All right let's pray this prayer for you Yeah yeah that's right so this anointed King has a support Circle that watches Prays for watches they pay attention and When the anointed one suffers they Are right there you know struggling and Waiting but when the anointed ones Delivered they set up their banners and Have a worse Obsession that's the idea Okay it's rad and they trust like with The noted one the psalm 20. Psalm 21 It's the same thing Except instead of using the word Anointed one it just starts talking About the king and about a day when The king cries out and Yahweh is going To meet all of the requests and the Cries of the king's heart and give him Royal Rule and length of days forever And ever he's going to give this King Eternal life That's Psalm 21 victory over his enemies And eternal life long days and you're Like yeah psalm 21. awesome Psalm 22. For the choir director upon Yeah that's quite a name the doe of the Dawn the Dome meaning like a deer oh the

Deer of the Dawn the deer of the Dawn That's his name yep Psalm of David I'm actually going to turn to my Translation My God My God why have you abandoned me Far from my rescue are the words of My Cry My God I cry out to you by day But you don't answer By night But there is no rest for me Whoa that's a little We're kneeling with David in the Wilderness at night Or in the previous two Psalms we are Sitting Or this is like a Psalm 3 moment you Know where my enemies are saying of me Kind of so we're in that waiting waiting Suffering And notice the psalmist complains you've Abandoned me you're far from me But yet he still calls God my God So the relationship isn't so severed Right that you don't actually relate to God on a personal basis but it's almost Calling God my God highlights the Paradox yeah why aren't you here now as For you you were holy You dwell among the Praises of Israel in You our fathers trusted they trusted and You rescued them they cried out to you And were rescued and in you they trusted

And weren't ashamed so this is how this Is supposed to work Yahweh People cry out to you and you rescue Them yeah that's how all right then That's what you've done in the past but Look at me Number seven I'm like Hardly even a human anymore I'm like a Worm Scorned by others despised by people This is all the language of Isaiah the Rejected servant of Isaiah everybody who Sees me mocks me abusing me with their Mouths shaking their heads saying oh he Trusts in Yahweh let Yahweh save him Let Yahweh deliver him since he Delights In him Isaiah 42. that's a little Hyperlink where Yahweh said I Delight in My Chosen servant and pour out my spirit On him well all of this like uh isn't This what the crowd calls out to Jesus Like save yourself ah yes the gospel Authors well first of all Jesus yeah This is what he says he quotes the Opening line of this poem which isn't Before he died my God my God why have You forsaken me and if you just take That line out of context it could mean One thing as with Jesus it's always Triggering the whole context or the Whole poem and that's important here so Jesus yeah cries the first line and the Gospel authors In there narrating the events of the

Crucifixion are borrowing whole phrases From this poem at different points That's exactly right yeah verse 10. but You are the one who brought me forth From the womb You made me secure on my mother's breast Upon you I was cast from the womb and From the womb of my mother you have been My God So don't be far Distress is near and there's no one to Help So we've kind of returned the ship a Little bit in terms of You have this Cry of abandonment This uh contrast with the past okay but Here I am Like I'm a nobody everybody's mocking me And then this last bit about the Mother's womb is he's he's now appealing And saying we have been close yeah we Have been close So our ancestors trusted you in the past Yeah and you were there for them I've Trusted you in the past yeah and you Provided for me through my mom You right you made me secure from the Moment I came into this world so why are You far from me now he's like Highlighting yeah yeah the Paradox yeah So there's a long section that goes on Where he starts to describe his enemies And they are in the form of bulls Surround me strong bowls of bishan

Encircle me they're like lions tearing And roaring They're like dogs verse 17 surrounding Me A gathering of evildoers and circles me It's the first time they're described as People They have dug through my hands and my Feet this is a little rabbit hole here It's the word dig is that like a is this A figure of speech of some sort it seems To be it gets translated pierced in our English translation okay pierced my Hands and my feet depending there's also Important manuscript variants in the History of the Hebrew text of this verse And that's a whole fascinating rabbit Hole but one way or another these Animal-like enemies yeah have attacked Yeah they're doing damage they're doing Damage yep they divide up my clothes They cast lots for my garments that's Picked up by the gospel authors okay But as for you Yahweh don't be far again Don't be far away You're my strength hasten to my help Deliver my life from the sword from the Power of the dogs rescue me from the Mouth of the Lion You have answered me From the horns of the wild ox Laughs So now we've got dogs Lions Bulls the ox And a wild ox with huge horns that wants

To like core you but notice Vic and that Says the raising of the horns that's a That's a sign of victory yeah that's Right so he's he's likening this victory That he suddenly experiences at the very End of the poem As yeah now this is not the end of the Palm oh it's not the end of the poem but It is the moment where he says it brings Closure to the moment where he says all The way at the beginning I cry out to You but you don't answer here's the Answer and then he says you do answer The rest of the poem Oh there's a lot More there's a lot more and we won't Have time to read it you always say that And then we read it yeah because that's What you said of all these poems And we've read it all so far So dear listener of the podcast verses 23 through 31 you should go read it for Yourself depict this suffering Figure As going into the temple and praising God's name for his deliverance and Throwing a huge feast And the takeaway from this lesson of This cry to God and then rescue is that Even those Who go down to the dust who cannot keep Themselves alive even they Will get to eat and worship and bow down To Yahweh when Yahweh becomes king over All the nations

So somehow the way that Yahweh's kingdom comes over the Nations Through his anointed one Is not just through victory by itself It's not just through suffering by Itself but it's through patient Suffering and awaiting that takes you Right into death but then on the other Side through death and dust there's Vindication exaltation And God's kingdom provides A Feast for All the nations even for those who are Down in the dust which is the image of The grace the victory through suffering Victory through suffering Victory Through death yeah exactly so it's Exactly the same ideas that the Isaiah Scroll was exploring and the David story Was exploring as well So to be anointed is this mixed bag yes It's a very almost unwelcome type of Calling Because it seems to Mark out people for Exaltation that only comes after a lot Of hardship It doesn't make sense of a lot of Paul's Mentality in his letters yeah and of Course the mentality of Jesus yeah so Man it's really hard to process How upside down This literature is the view of the world Created here Feels so upside down Because normally you would tell stories

Of great Kings and great men of the past You know just by recounting their Victories and their conquests and the Hebrew Bible is just really obsessed With talking about how flawed human Beings are and how Yahweh's salvation and rescue for the Human family through this family of Israel always happens through These figures who get marked out for Great suffering And somehow through that suffering that Leads to Vindication for themselves and Others and this is all what is packed Into that little phrase The anointed the anointed one of Yahweh Wow All right so we've got this dual Portrait of the anointed one Victory you Can read Psalm 2 and you can just be Like yeah the take charge King yeah Who's gonna just Handle it yeah hey guys take control Yeah but Psalm 3 you've got this picture Of a king who's like nope my enemies are Surrounding me and I need help and then We just read in Psalm 23 is that where We're at we looked at Psalm 20 21 and 22. yeah that just ramped up of this Person crying out to God actually Feeling abandoned yeah but then this Hope of even those who go to the dust Will be kept alive and that there will Be this great Victory um but it will

Include suffering yeah yeah So we're just we're reflecting on this Portrait of the person Who can Bridge Heaven and Earth on Behalf of the many The anointed one and how it's this real Mix of suffering and Victory And it's all over Isaiah in the Psalms Which are all based on the story of David all based on the story of David Who is the kind of most poignant Anointed one figure So that leaves us one more turn yeah Just to then go to Jesus and where we Started this conversation is saying Jesus is called yeah the Christ and the Christ is the Greek way of saying yeah Actually it's an English way of saying The Greek way of saying yeah exactly Yeah Christos yeah Christ and so he Jesus is the anointed one Jesus Identifies with these Psalms and Prophecies and he sees his whole life Through that lens yeah so that's what We'll explore in the next part of our Conversation how Jesus Expected The worst [Laughter] For himself and his followers but also Expected the best and Resurrection hope And all of that that's going on in his Teachings and the stories about him is In deep continuity with these themes

About the anointed one from the Hebrew Bible so we'll look at the story and Words of Jesus next Thank you for listening to this episode Of Bible project podcast next week we're Going to wrap up our series on the Anointed looking at the life of Jesus Christ is a verb which means to smear Poor oil upon why is Jesus called Christ If he never had an official oil Anointing ceremony in Jerusalem right Because there was one for the high Priest and in ancient Israel there was a Ceremony for Kings involving oil so how Can you call this guy a messiah an Anointed one if you never had that Ceremony This episode was brought to you by our Podcast team producer Cooper Peltz Associate producer Lindsey Ponder lead Editor Dan gummel and editors Tyler Bailey and Frank Garza Tyler Bailey also Mixed this episode and Hannah Wu Provided the annotations for our Annotated podcast in our app Bible Project is a crowdfunded nonprofit and We exist to experience the Bible as a Unified story that leads to Jesus Everything that we make podcasts are Videos we've got classroom sessions We've got study notes it's all for free At thanks for being a Part of this with us hi this is Brett From Barcelona Spain hi this is Ruby and

I'm from London in the UK I first heard About the Bible project from a classmate When I was studying for a theology Degree I used the Bible project to find Out about key themes and storyline Across the Bible I first heard about Bible project through a plan on the YouVersion Bible app I use Bible project As a new way to explore the Bible Visually my favorite thing about the Bible project is it brings a fun and Relaxed way to explore some pretty deep And challenging topics my favorite thing About Bible project is it is exploratory And takes you on a journey through the Many books of the word of God We believe the Bible is a unified story That leads to Jesus where a crowdfunded Project by people like me my free videos Study study notes podcasts classes and .com [Music]

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